no.1 of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara,
Department of General Surgery, was inaugurated in January 1974, at
the same time with the County Hospital no. 1 Timisoara. Professor
Pius Brюnzeu, member of the Romanian Academy, was the first head of
the clinic, and he contributed to its recognition in the surgical
and academic world due to his remarkable scientific and medical
personality. Professor Petru Ignat, a well-known surgeon who
continued his predecessor's activity, successfully managed the
clinic between 1981 and 1995.
At present, Clinic no.1 is run by Professor Marius Teodorescu. He
has been working there from the beginning of the County Hospital and
step by step, he got to the position of full professor.
This Clinic is one of the greatest clinics of general surgery in the
country: it is provided with 100 beds and a unit with 4 highly
technologically equipped surgeries (laparoscopic surgery equipment).
One can also find here a closed TV circuit by which images from
surgeries can be transmitted.
Beginning with 1974 till now, the medical activity has consisted in:
69,000 patients hospitalized and 51,000 surgical operations. The
scientific contribution of the staff of the clinic has been brought
in several different domains, the most important ones being in the
field of venous pathology. More than 9,000 surgical operations have
been performed, which is one of the greatest European
In the domain of venous pathology, venous phlebolisis in
malformations of the Klippel-Trenaunnay type, elective exeresis in
the syndrome of the chronic venous insufficiency, as well as the
Chiva operation in the superficial venous insufficiency have been
It was here, at Clinic no.1 that both the Unique Romanian Ambulatory
Department of Phlebology and the Romanian Society of Phlebology were
founded, under the direction of Doctor Vasile Ivan, Associate
Professor, with a prestigious scientific activity materialized
especially in the organization of biennial National Congresses.
As far as general surgery is concerned, great success has been
achieved in major surgeries in chronic and acute cases,
characterizing the activity of a university clinic. Special
attention has been paid to the field of hepatobiliary,
gastro-duodenal, colon and rectum surgery.
In our clinic, modern surgery is performed and in this respect we
could mention the intestinal by-pass for obesity, alloplasties in
large eventrations, subtotal pancreatomies, vagotomies and
reintervention in biliary surgery.
Functioning as a unit of emergency surgery, the staff of the clinic
has always been preoccupied by diagnosis problems, as well as by the
treatment of traumatisms, acute surgical abdomen, and shock. We have
also operated on many patients coming from neighboring Counties,
requiring high surgical techniques and strategy.
The students of the Faculty of General Medicine (3rd and 4th years )
have been trained in surgery, while those in the 4th year have got
special training in surgical emergency. Attention is being paid to
the students' practical training in the field of correct examination
of the patients and the acquiring of correct manoeuvres of the
currant medical practice. Great efforts are made in order to provide
our students with appropriate theoretical background as well. The
students are also trained in fields of research and quite a great
number of them work hard in the clinic on cases they study for their
New teaching methodologies have been introduced - interdisciplinary
integrated courses, as well as video and film projections with a
rich iconographic material on slides.
Clinic no.1 has been, from the very beginning, an important post
graduate teaching centre for resident doctors and a training centre
for specialists, where highly specialized courses are delivered.
The professors have participated in various training courses in
well-known clinics abroad. Our clinic signed a convention with Dr.
Castellani's Clinic of Vascular Surgery in Tours, and 5 members of
our team benefited from a training period there. As far as
laparoscopic surgery is concerned, 4 members of our clinic were
trained in general surgery for a period of one year in Munich and
scientific activity was directed towards several domains:
peripheral venous and arterial pathology - a traditional and
also a priority domain
physio-pathology and the treatment of the shock condition
digestive surgical pathology - abdominal wall pathology
expertise in venous pathology in our clinic is famous both locally
and internationally. In this respect, several papers have been
submitted at national and international conferences, articles have
been published, and theses submitted for doctoral degrees.
Special attention has been paid to the digestive pathology, namely
the hepato-biliary, gastric and rectum-colic diseases. Emergency
problems raised by surgical practice have brought to the attention
of the staff the domain of diagnosis and the treatment of medical
Exceptional results have been obtained in operations of hernias and
major eventrations using wall prothesis made of synthetic materials.